Time Line, since 1947

Here is a summary of the key events in India according to my perspective since independence in 1947.It is worth dwelling on such timelines because they help us to construct a broad picture of history. Chronology is very useful to deduce causal relationships between different events.

This will be a continuing effort, so please comment and let me know the things that you feel are important, but have been left out.

1947

  • Aug 15 – India’s First Independence Day
  • Oct 22 – Armed tribals supported by Pakistan invade Kashmir to dislodge Maharaja Hari Singh and secure Kashmir for Pakistan.
  • Oct 26 – Hari Singh accedes Kashmir to India in return for military help to ward off the tribal invasion.

1948

  • Jan 1 – India takes the Kashmir issue to the UN
  • Jan 30 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated

1949

  • Nov 26 – Constituent Assembly adopts the finished constitution

1950

  • Jan 26 – Constitution comes into power, Republic Day

1952

  • Apr 17 – The First Lok Sabha constituted by the first General Elections
  • Dec 15 – Potti Sriramulu dies, 58 days into his fast to get a Telugu speaking province of Andhra Pradesh. Eventually leads to all states being reorganized on the basis of language.

1953

  • Aug 8 – Sheikh Abdullah imprisoned by the Nehru Government.

1955

  • Hindu Marriage Act passed by the Parliament

1956

  • Mar 22 – Angami Zapu Phizo declares the formation of a “Naga Central Government”. Full scale war between Naga rebels and the army by the middle of 1956. War subsides by December.

1957

  • Apr 5  – EMS Namboodripad becomes CM of Kerala after the victory of CPI in the assembly elections.

1962

  • Oct 20 – India China War over border dispute begins (till November 21).

1964

  • May 27 – Death of Jawaharlal Nehru

1965

  • Aug 15 – Second Ind0-Pak war hostilities begin
  • Sep 23 – Ceasefire ends second Indo-Pak war

1966

  • Jan 10 – Tashkent Agreement signed between Lal Bahadur Shastri and Ayub Khan
  • Jan 11 – Lal Bahadur Shastri dies a mysterious death at Tashkent

1971

  • Dec 16 – Surrender of Eastern command of Pakistan Military in the 1971 war.

1975

  • Jun 12 – Allahabad High Court upholds Raj Narain’s accusations of electoral fraud against Indira Gandhi (Rae Bareilly constituency, 1971 General Elections) and disqualifies her from contesting Lok Sabha elections for six years.
  • Jun 25 – Indira Gandhi imposes emergency

1977

  • Mar 24 – Morarji Desai of the Janata Party becomes the first non-Congress PM of India

1980

  • Jan 14 – Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister again.

1984

  • Jun 3 – Operation Blue Star to flush out extremists from the Harimandir Sahib
  • Oct 31 – Indira Gandhi assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards; Hindu-Sikh riots ensue. Her son Rajiv Gandhi becomes Prime Minister.
  • Dec 2/3 – Bhopal Gas Tragedy

1985

  • Jun 23 – Air India Kanishka plane bombing

1990

  • Aug 7 – VP Singh plans to implement the Mandal Commission report favoring reservations for SCs, STs and OBCs.
  • Sep 25 – LK Advani begins his rath yatra from the Somnath Temple in Gujarat to Ayodhya

1991

  • May 21 – Rajiv Gandhi assassinated
  • June 21 – PV Narsimha Rao appoints Manmohan Singh as his finance minister; start of economic reforms and liberalization.

1992

  • Dec 6 – Babri Masjid demolished, Hindu-Muslim riots ensue

1999

  • May 26 – Operation Vijay launched to fight Pakistani incursion in Kargil.
  • Dec 24 – Indian Airlines flight IC 814 hijacked to Qandahar by terrorists.

2000

  • Dec 22 – Terror attack on the Red Fort by LeT.

2001

  • Dec 13 – Attack on Indian Parliament by LeT and JeM terrorists.

2002

  • Feb 27 – Godhra train carnage, Hindu-Muslim riots ensue

2005

  • Jun 15 – Right to Information Act passed by the Parliament

2008

  • Apr 10 – Supreme Court upholds the 27% OBC quota, taking reservation in IITs and IIMs to a whopping 49.5%.
  • Nov 26 – Terror attacks in Mumbai at Hotels Taj and Oberoi, CST train terminal and other places.

About Raghu Mahajan

Physics PhD student at Stanford University: http://web.stanford.edu/~rm89/
This entry was posted in History. Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Time Line, since 1947

  1. Venkat says:

    Thank you for the Upanishads

  2. abdullah nadepalli says:

    masha allah sire aap ne short and sweet likha hai

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s